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Ken ReedAlberto Salazar is a former world-class distance runner and coach.

If the allegations brought by multiple female athletes claiming he physically, mentally and emotionally abused them while under his direction are true, he’s also a pig.

Thanks to the courage of elite athletes (and whistleblowers) Kara Goucher and Mary Cain, Salazar and his illegal and unethical practices while head coach of Nike’s Oregon Project have been exposed.

Goucher brought to light Salazar’s practice of pushing his athletes to use illegal performance-enhancing substances. He also attempted to tamper with doping controls.  As a result, Salazar has been banned for four years by the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency (USADA).

Following the publication of Mary Cain’s story by The New York Times recently, Salazar will hopefully be banned from coaching for life.

In the Times video op-ed, Cain describes a Nike track program in which Salazar and his assistants pushed Cain to get “thinner, and thinner and thinner” until her health was imperilled and her body broke down.

By age 17, Cain was a record-breaking superstar in distance running. She was the youngest American track and field athlete to make a world championship team.

And in 2013, she was signed to run for Salazar and Nike’s Oregon Project team, considered by some to be the best track team in the world.

It was then that Salazar began to beat her down mentally and physically by pushing her to lose more and more weight, according to Cain. Her body deteriorated and her performances suffered. She began having suicidal thoughts.

After Cain’s story appeared in the Times, several other former Nike female athletes began to speak out in support of Cain. They also told stories of receiving similar treatment at the hands of Salazar and Nike.

“After placing sixth in the 10,000-metres at the 2011 USATF championships, I was kicked out of the Oregon Project,” tweeted Amy Yoder Begley. “I was told I was too fat and ‘had the biggest butt on the starting line.’ This brings those painful memories back.”

It also appears the abuse of females at Nike wasn’t limited to track athletes.

Figure skater Gracie Gold appeared in a Nike ad with Cain in 2014. Gold was a child prodigy who was thought to have a chance at an Olympic gold medal. Like Cain, Gold was pushed to become thinner and thinner. She eventually developed an eating disorder and started thinking about taking her life.

“America loves a good child prodigy story, and business is ready and waiting to exploit that story, especially when it comes to girls,” said Lauren Fleshman, who ran for Nike until 2012. “When you have these kinds of good girls, girls who are good at following directions to the point of excelling, you’ll find a system that’s happy to take them. And it’s rife with abuse.”

Nike responded to Cain’s story with the following statement:

“These are deeply troubling allegations which have not been raised by Mary or her parents before. Mary was seeking to rejoin the Oregon Project and Alberto’s team as recently as April of this year and had not raised these concerns as part of that process. We take the allegations extremely seriously and will launch an immediate investigation to hear from former Oregon Project athletes. At Nike we seek to always put the athlete at the center of everything we do, and these allegations are completely inconsistent with our values.”

This statement infuriated Goucher.

In a tweet, Goucher wrote: “So @Nike responds to @runmarycain. Takes the time to victim shame Mary, before saying they will investigate. I hope you come to me, because I have stories to match all of Mary’s claims and so much more. Don’t let this be more lip service, actually do something.”

Cain also responded to Nike’s statement:

“I was the victim of an abusive system, an abusive man. I was constantly tormented by the conflict of wanting to be free from him and wanting to go back to the way things used to be, when I was his favorite. Last month, after the doping report dropped that led to his suspension, I felt this quick and sudden release. That helped me understand that this system is not okay. That’s why I decided to speak up now. People should never have to fear coming forward. I hope this Nike investigation is real and it centers on the culture that created Alberto. Nike has the chance to make a change and protect its athletes going forward.”

Salazar is gone for at least four years and the Oregon Project has been shut down for now. Whether the win-at-all-costs and profit-at-all-costs culture at Nike will be cleaned up for good following this investigation is yet to be seen.

My heart aches for Cain, Kara Goucher and Gold.

The win-at-all-costs and profit-at-all-costs culture in the United States has been over the top for years. But Nike and Salazar might have taken us to a new low.

Ken Reed is sports policy director for League of Fans (leagueoffans.org), a sports reform project. He is the author of The Sports Reformers, Ego vs. Soul in Sports, and How We Can Save Sports.

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